21 April 2023 – Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exams

21st April 2023 – Daily Current Affairs Questions for UPSC Prelims Exams

Which country has launched Fengyun-3 satellite?

Answer: China

  • China has successfully launched the Fengyun-3 meteorological satellite.
  • The satellite will monitor severe weather conditions like heavy rainfall.
  • Satellite information will be helpful in dealing with natural disasters like landslides and floods.
  • The satellite was launched using a Chang’e-4B carrier rocket.
  • This successful mission was the 471st launch for the Chang Zheng rocket family.
  • The Chang Zheng rocket family is one of the most reliable and consistent rocket families globally.

Gary Ballance of which cricket team has retired from all forms of cricket?

Answer: England cricket team

  • Gary Ballance has announced his retirement from all forms of cricket.
  • Balance had recently resumed his career with Zimbabwe.
  • Balance scored four centuries in 23 Tests for England between 2014 and 2017.
  • Balance is the second batsman in world cricket to score a century playing Test cricket for two different countries.
  • Former Australian batsman and South African captain Kepler Wessels was the first cricketer to achieve this feat.

Who has launched ASBA-like facility for secondary market trading in India?


  • SEBI gives priority to empowering investors and promoting fair dealing in the securities market of the country.
  • The Application Supported by Blocked Amount (ASBA) facility is the latest initiative garnering huge attention in the secondary market.
  • ASBA is a payment mechanism that allows investors to block the money during IPO subscription in their savings account instead of transferring it to a broker’s account.
  • ASBA ensures the safety of investors’ funds and facilitates the process of applying for shares in an IPO.
  • ASBA reduces the time taken for refunds and provides more liquidity to investors.

Which state has topped in labor day production for the fourth consecutive year under MGNREGA?

Answer: Rajasthan

  • Rajasthan has topped the country under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme.
  • Rajasthan has generated 35.61 crore person days under the scheme at a total cost of Rs 10,175 crore.
  • Tamil Nadu (33.45 crore), Uttar Pradesh (31.18 crore), Andhra Pradesh (23.96 crore) and Bihar (23.69 crore) are generating more person days under the scheme.
  • 4,47,558 families have completed 100 days of work in Rajasthan under MNREGA.
  • Uttar Pradesh has 4,99,947 households which have completed 100 days of work and is on top in the country.
  • 4,48,913 households have completed 100 days of work in Kerala, second only to Uttar Pradesh.

Which country has launched its first operational Earth observation satellite “Taifa-1”?

Answer: Kenya

  • Kenya launched its first operational Earth observation satellite “Taifa-1” on 15 April 2023 on a rocket from rocket company SpaceX.
  • The launch rocket carried 50 payloads from various countries, including Turkey, under SpaceX’s ‘rideshare programme’.
  • Taifa-1 was designed and developed by SayariLabs and EnduroSat.
  • The satellite was built over two years at a cost of 50 million Kenyan shillings ($372,000).
  • The satellite’s primary objective is to collect agricultural and environmental data, including floods, droughts and wildfires, to help Kenya deal with disaster management and food insecurity.
  • 8 May 2023 – Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exams

    8th May 2023 – Daily Current Affairs Questions for UPSC Prelims Exams

    Babar Azam of Pakistan has become the fastest batsman to score how many thousand runs in ODI cricket?

    Ans: 5000

    • Babar Azam created history in the 4th ODI against New Zealand.
    • Babar Azam became the fastest batsman to score 5,000 runs in ODI cricket.
    • Babar Azam crossed the 5,000-run mark in 97 innings.
    • Former South African player Hashim Amla was the first batsman to score 5,000 runs.
    • Hashim Amla completed 5,000 runs in 101 innings.
    • Babar Azam became the 14th player in the world.

    Who has recently launched the logo, mascot, torch, anthem and jersey of the Khelo India University Games 2022?

    Answer: Anurag Thakur

    • The Sports Minister Shri Anurag Singh Thakur launched the official logo of Khelo India University Games Uttar Pradesh 2022 on the auspicious occasion of Buddha Purnima.
    • Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Shri Yogi Adityanath was also present in that function.
    • Shri Yogi Adityanath welcomed all the athletes, coaches, officials and support staff participating in the 3rd Khelo India University Games Uttar Pradesh 2022.
    • Shri Yogi Adityanath said that there has been a massive change in atmosphere and perception in Uttar Pradesh.
    • There is peace and rule of law in the state due to which sports and sportspersons are flourishing.

    Which payment company has launched CVV-free payments for token cards in India?

    Ans: Visa

    • Visa has launched a new feature in India.
    • This feature allows online payment without the need for CVV number.
    • This facility is applicable for tokenized credit and debit cards.
    • This facility is available for domestic transactions in India only.
    • On tokenisation the card is secured with a unique code.
    • Transactions are completed using a two-factor authentication process.
    • It does not require 16 digit card number or any other card details.
    • New authentication method protects users from cyber fraud.
    • The token cannot be used on other platforms.

    Which country has recently launched the ‘Machines Can See 2023’ summit in Dubai?

    Answer: UAE

    • ‘Machines Can See 2023’ summit held in Dubai
    • It is happening in partnership between the Office for Artificial Intelligence (AI), the Digital Economy and Remote Work Applications
    • It aims to bring together experts to discuss the future and progress of AI
    • The event is organized in collaboration with the Dubai Department of Economy and Tourism and the Dubai Future Foundation
    • The summit featured presentations and panel discussions from various experts
    • The UAE is the only country with a state-level AI program that supports the progress of AI technology.

    Who has recently been appointed as the Country Managing Director of Accenture India?

    Answer: Ajay Vij

    • Accenture has appointed Ajay Vij as Country Managing Director.
    • Sandeep Dutta will lead the new India market unit.
    • Mr Vij will expand his current responsibilities.
    • Rekha M. Menon will retire on June 30.
    • Accenture is a global professional services company.
    • The company was established in 1989 and is headquartered in Dublin, Ireland.
    • Accenture operates in more than 200 cities in 51 countries.
    • The company has more than 500,000 employees globally.
  • 5 May 2023 – Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exams

    5th May 2023 – Daily Current Affairs Questions for UPSC Prelims Exams

    Which cricket team has qualified for the Asia Cup 2023 by winning the ACC Men’s Premier Cup?

    Ans: Nepal cricket team

    • Nepal has qualified for the Asia Cup 2023 by winning the ACC Men’s Premier Cup.
    • The Rohit Paudel-led team defeated UAE by seven wickets in the final.
    • UAE team failed to find momentum as they kept losing wickets at regular intervals.
    • Nepal has joined India and Pakistan in Group A of the Asia Cup to be played in September.
    • Nepal, UAE and Oman will also participate in the ACC Emerging Teams Asia Cup in July.
    • They will face ‘A’ teams of five full-member teams.
    • Lalit Rajbanshi managed to take four wickets for 14 runs in 7.1 overs.
    • Asif Khan top-scored for UAE with 46 runs.
    • UAE was eventually bowled out for 117 in 33.1 overs.

    Which state has been ranked the most ‘innovative’ state in the National Manufacturing Innovation Survey?

    Answer: Karnataka

    • A survey found that Karnataka is the most innovative state among manufacturing firms
    • Telangana and Tamil Nadu are second and third in the same survey
    • Innovation lowest among northeastern states in National Manufacturing Innovation Survey (NMIS) 2021-22
    • Bihar ranks second in the same survey
    • According to the report, there is a need to increase innovation in manufacturing
    • The survey covered over 8,000 firms across 28 states and 6 union territories (UTs)

    Sberbank of Russia has launched which to compete with ChatGPT?

    Answer: Gigachat

    • Sberbank has developed a technology called GigaChat.
    • It is an artificial intelligence chatbot.
    • This chatbot can be used to communicate.
    • This chatbot is developed to compete with ChatGPT.
    • Last year Microsoft also released ChatGPT of OpenAI.
    • This inspired the technology industry to put AI into the hands of users.
    • People got a chance to learn new ways of doing things and how to win business.

    Who has launched the unified portal CU-Chayan for faculty recruitment?

    Ans: UGC

    • UGC has launched the CU-selection portal.
    • The portal is declared to be completely user friendly.
    • It is suitable for the needs of all the stakeholders of the recruitment process.
    • The CU-Select portal has been created with an aim to develop an enabling environment for both the universities and the applicants.
    • Universities can manage every aspect of the recruitment process independently.
    • Currently 31% seats are vacant in various universities.

    Which cricket team’s star fast bowler Shabnim Ismail has retired from international cricket?

    Answer: South Africa

    • South African bowler Shabnim Ismail announces retirement from international cricket
    • He has announced his retirement, putting an end to his 16-year international career with immediate effect
    • She will surely be seen in action in T20 cricket around the world if given a chance
    • Ismail was recognized for his speed and passion
    • She is considered one of the best fast bowlers in women’s cricket
    • She finished her international career as the second-highest wicket-taker in ODI cricket and South Africa’s highest wicket-taker across all formats.
  • 4 May 2023 – Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exams

    4th May 2023 – Daily Current Affairs Questions for UPSC Prelims Exams

    Which IIT institute researchers have developed the computational tool GBMDriver?

    Ans: IIT Madras
    • Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras have developed a machine learning-based computational tool called GBMDriver.
    • The tool is freely accessible and was developed to identify driver mutations and passenger mutations in glioblastoma.
    • 9386 driver mutations and 8728 passenger mutations were screened in this study.
    • In the development of the web server, several steps such as the characteristics of amino acids, D- and tri-peptide motifs, conservation scores and position specific scoring matrix (PSSM) were taken into consideration.
    • Researchers have achieved the ability to detect driver mutations in GBM driver glioblastoma with an accuracy of 81.99%.
    • Study identifies key amino acid characteristics that differentiate cancer-causing mutations.

    An agreement has been signed between NTPC and whom for joint development of nuclear power plants?

    Ans: NPCIL
    • National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) signed subsidiary joint venture agreement with NPCIL for development of nuclear power projects.
    • The focus will be on developing two Pressurized Heavy-Water Reactor (PHWR) projects: Chutka Madhya Pradesh Atom Power Project (2×700MW) and Mahi Banswara Rajasthan Atom Power Project (4×700MW).
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    • NTPC aims to reach 2,000 MW by 2032, 4,200 MW by 2035 and 20,000 MW by 2050.
    • The company also plans to use smaller modular reactors.

    Which Japanese table tennis star has announced his retirement?

    Answer: Kasumi Ishikawa
    • Kasumi Ishikawa announced her retirement.
    • Ishikawa has won medals in the women’s team at three consecutive Olympic Games for three consecutive years.
    • She has also won five national women’s singles championships.
    • Japanese women’s team won silver medal at London 2012.
    • Ishikawa helped Japan win the women’s bronze medal at Rio 2016 and the silver medal at Tokyo 2020.
    • Ishikawa was born on February 23, 1993 in Yamaguchi, Japan.
    • She started playing table tennis when she was just three years old and made her professional debut at the age of 15.
    • Ishikawa is considered one of the best female table tennis players in the world.
    • He has won several international titles including the World Table Tennis Championships and gold medals at the Asian Games.

    As per the UPI Monthly Product Statistics, which month has registered a decline in UPI transactions this year?

    Ans: April
    • National Payments Corporation of India’s ‘UPI Monthly Product Statistics’ has reported a decline in the volume and value of UPI transactions in April 2023.
    • The company’s transaction volume declined by 7.96% to Rs 796.29 crore.
    • UPI transaction volume also declined by 9.51% to Rs 12.71 lakh crore.
    • UPI is a single mobile application.
    • Allows users to access different bank accounts and perform different transactions.
    • The features of the platform include instant money transfers, utility bill payments, over-the-counter payments and QR code-based payments through mobile devices.

    What position has Abhilash Tomy secured in the Golden Globe race?

    Answer: second
    • Indian sailor Commander Abhilash Tomy participated in the Golden Globe Race (GGR) 2022.
    • It is one of the toughest solo non-stop races in the world.
    • Tommy finishes the race after 236 days.
    • The first place went to South African sailor Kirsten Neuschäfer.
    • Tommy was in contact with race control in France through messages.
    • Tommy also represented India by participating in the Golden Globe Race 2018.
    • Tommy was on board a sailing vessel named Thuria, which is indigenously built.

    Which country’s author Maria Stepanova has won the Leipzig Book Prize 2023?

    Answer: Russia
    • Maria Stepanova has won the Leipzig Book Prize in 2023.
    • His novel ‘In Memory of Memory’ is based on the themes of Stalinism and the end of the Soviet Union.
    • Her poetry collection ‘Girls Without Clothes’ has also won the award.
    • Violence against women is dealt with sensitively in this collection.
    • The award ceremony was held on 25 April at the opening of the Leipzig Book Fair.
    • Journalist Masha Gessen also won the award in 2019 for her book ‘The future is history’.
    • The award has been presented since 1994 for the ‘progress of reconciliation’ in Europe.
  • 3 May 2023 – Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exams

    3rd May 2023 – Daily Current Affairs Questions for UPSC Prelims Exams

    Air Marshal Saju Balakrishnan has taken over as which Commander-in-Chief?

    Answer: 17th

    • Air Marshal Saju Balakrishnan has taken over as the Commander-in-Chief of the Andaman and Nicobar Command.
    • The Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC) is the only tri-services command in India.
    • Air Marshal Balakrishnan is the 17th Commander-in-Chief of the Andaman and Nicobar Command.
    • He has succeeded Lt Gen Ajay Singh.
    • The ANC is serving as a model for the ambitious theaterisation plan.
    • It aims to bring greater synergy between the Army, Navy and Air Force.
    • The ANC is playing a key role in keeping a close watch on China’s increasing interference in the Indian Ocean.

    Who has recently resigned from the post of NCP chief?

    Ans: Sharad Pawar

    • Sharad Pawar resigned as the President of the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP).
    • Sharad Pawar, recognizing the need for the new generation, proposed setting up a committee to oversee the selection of his successor as party chief.
    • The committee will choose the next NCP president.
    • The object of the committee will be to take the principles and objectives of the party to the masses and to serve the people.
    • The development of the party will continue to be a top priority for the committee.
    • The committee will have Praful Patel, Ajit Pawar and Supriya Sule.

    Justice T S Sivagnanam has been appointed as the Chief Justice of which High Court?

    Ans: Calcutta High Court

    • The appointment of Justice TS Sivagnanam as the Chief Justice of the Calcutta High Court has been announced.
    • He was the senior-most judge serving as the Acting Chief Justice.
    • He was recommended by the Supreme Court Collegium for appointment as Chief Justice.
    • Justice Sivagnanam was born on 16th September, 1963.
    • He started his legal practice in September 1986.
    • He was appointed as an Additional Judge of the Madras High Court on March 31, 2009.
    • He became a permanent judge on March 29, 2011.

    Who will be awarded BAFTA Fellowship in London?

    Answer: Meera Syal

    • Eminent UK-based Indian-origin actress and writer Meera Syal is set to receive the prestigious BAFTA Fellowship Award, the highest honor conferred by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts.
    • The award recognizes Syal’s exceptional contribution to film and television.
    • Sial’s best-known works include “Goodness Gracious Me” and “The Kumars at No. 42”.
    • He will be presented with the Fellowship Award during the BAFTA Television Awards on 14 May at the Royal Festival Hall in London.
    • He has appeared in various productions such as Doctor Who, Paddington 2, The Sandman, Horrible Histories, The Split and The Wheel of Time.

    The new GST rules have been implemented for businesses with a turnover of more than how many crores?

    Answer: Rs 100 crore

    • Businesses with an annual turnover of Rs 100 crore or more will have to comply with a new GST rule from May 1, 2023.
    • The new rule mandates uploading of electronic invoices on the Invoice Registration Portal (IRP) within seven days of issue.
    • IRP is used to verify that these invoices are indeed genuine and to assign them a unique Invoice Reference Number for GST purposes.
    • The new rule replaces the current system wherein businesses upload invoices to the IRP on the day they are issued, irrespective of their actual issue date.
  • 2 May 2023 – Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Exams

    2nd May 2023 – Daily Current Affairs Questions for UPSC Prelims Exams

    Which ministry has canceled the Foreign Contribution Registration Act (FCRA) license?

    Ans: Ministry of Home Affairs

    • Delhi-based think tank Center for Policy Research (CPR) has got its Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA) registration suspended by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) for 180 days.
    • A government official said that the suspension was imposed due to initial violations of FCRA rules.
    • The Income Tax Department visited the CPR office on 7th September, 2022.
    • Foreign funds can be received only with FCRA registration, which means that the CPR will not be able to accept fresh foreign donations or use donations already approved without the approval of the MHA.
    • Founded in 1973, CPR conducts research that contributes to higher quality scholarship, better policies and a more robust public discourse on issues affecting India.

    Which country has become Europe’s top refinery supplier, according to Kepler?

    Answer: India

    • Kepler data revealed that India has overtaken Saudi Arabia to become the largest supplier of refined fuel to Europe.
    • This comes as a result of Europe’s reduced access to Russian oil and their increased dependence on Indian crude oil products.
    • Europe is set to increase its refined fuel imports from India by over 360,000 barrels per day.
    • This ultimately creates more demand for Moscow crude, which carries freight costs.
    • Russia’s crude oil imports to India are expected to exceed 2 million barrels per day in April.
    • This import accounts for about 44% of India’s total oil imports.

    RBI data which state has topped the market borrowing for the third year in a row?

    Ans: Tamil Nadu

    • Tamil Nadu is one of the largest market borrowing states.
    • Tamil Nadu’s gross market borrowing during the April-February period of FY2023 was Rs 68,000 crore.
    • The borrowing was done through State Development Loan (SDL).
    • Tamil Nadu plans to raise ₹1,43,197.93 crore debt during 2023-24.
    • There is also a proposal to repay ₹51,331.79 crore.
    • Net debt will be ₹91,866.14 crore.
    • The fiscal deficit is estimated at 3.25% of GSDP as per the budget estimates for 2023-24.

    Indian Army has inducted how many women officers into the Artillery Regiment for the first time?

    Answer: five

    • The Indian Army has inducted five women officers into its artillery regiment for the first time.
    • The women officers have joined the Regiment of Artillery after successfully completing their training at the Officers Training Academy (OTA) in Chennai.
    • 186 candidates participated in the passing out parade held at OTA Chennai.
    • Out of these 29 candidates are citizens of Bhutan.
    • The passing out parade was reviewed by Bangladesh Army Chief COAS General SM Shafiuddin Ahmed.

    Satwiksairaj Rankireddy and Chirag Shetty created history by winning which medal at the Badminton Asia Championship?

    Ans: Gold Medal

    • Satwiksairaj Rankireddy and Chirag Shetty won gold medals at the Badminton Asia Championships.
    • This is the first Indian men’s doubles pair to create history.
    • The Indian pair defeated the Malaysian pair in a match that lasted for over an hour.
    • The World No.6 Indian pair had to fight hard for their win.
    • The Indian pair lost the first game but won the next two.
    • They were trailing in the second game, but managed to come back and win 21–17.
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