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Long and Short Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Essay in Hindi for School/College’s Students
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was an Indian philosopher and leader who served the country in various capacities as the country’s first Vice President (1952–1962) and later served as the second President of the country (1962-1967).
He is one of country’s most distinguished 20th century scholars of comparative religion and philosophy. After completing his education at Madras Christian College in 1911, he enrolled himself as Assistant Professor and later became Professor of Philosophy at Madras Presidency College. Subsequently, he became a Professor of Philosophy at the University of Mysore (1918-1921); the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at the University of Calcutta (1921–1932) and a Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics at University of Oxford (1936–1952). By means of this, he became the first Indian to hold a professorial chair at the University of Oxford. He was also an Upton Lecturer at Manchester College, Oxford in 1926, 1929, and 1930. In 1930 he was elevated with the appointment as Haskell lecturer in Comparative Religion at the University of Chicago.
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His philosophy was rooted in Advaita Vedanta, understanding the tradition in a contemporary way. He spoke in defence of Hinduism against uninformed Western criticism, contributing to the formation of contemporary Hindu identity. He has been influential in shaping the understanding of Hinduism and earned the fame as a bridge-builder between India and the Western part of the world.
He was conferred several high awards during his life like a knighthood (1931), the Bharat Ratna (1954), and honorary membership of the British Royal Order of Merit (1963). He was also one of the founding fathers of HelpAge India, a non-profit organisation for elderly underprivileged in the country.
Radhakrishnan was one of India’s best and most influential 20th century scholars of comparative religion and philosophy who laid great emphasis on teaching. He was of the opinion that teachers should be the best minds in the country. In tribute to him, his birthday is being celebrated in India as Teachers’ Day on 5th September since 1962.
In India, Radhakrishnan’s ideas contributed to the formation of independent India as a nation-state. His writings greatly contributed to the hegemonic status of Vedanta as the essential worldview of Hinduism. In the West, his interpretations of the Hindu tradition, and his emphasis on spiritual experience made Hinduism more easily accessible for a western audience and contributed to the impacts that Hinduism has on modern spirituality. His contribution to the growth of the nation is dearly remembered.
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